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Everything You Need To Know To Craft Academic Papers Accurately In The IEEE Citation Format

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IEEE Citation Format
 Admin  February 22, 2021  General  0

Are you contemplating ‘How I wish someone could tell me how to reference an academic paper accurately and flawlessly in the IEEE citation format?” Believe us; you are not the only one contemplating this question. Unless you have an in-depth understanding of different citation styles that exists out there and find their overly tricky guidelines easy to comprehend, most chances are that this thought has crossed your mind at least once like numerous others.

Ask any student of the UK about citing their academic papers in the IEEE referencing style, and they would tell you how overwhelming the affair can be. One needs to put substantial effort in referencing the sources as you do in the case of writing the paper itself.

If you are one of those students of the UK who is baffled of ‘how to write in-text citations and bibliography as per the IEEE citation guidelines?” then you need to search far and wide. In this well-detailed guide, we will walk you through certain vital guidelines along with examples that will help you nail your citations like a pro.

Let’s discuss in detail the intricacies of creating references accurately in IEEE referencing style.


IEEE Citation Format: A Quick Overview

IEEE denotes The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. The Institute for Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) is a professional organisation supporting numerous branches of engineering, computer science, and information technology. They are primarily responsible for introducing the IEEE citation format, which is also commonly known as the IEEE style.

In IEEE citation style, the references are required to be numbered and appear in the text. While referring to a reference in the text of the document, you are required to put the number of the reference in square brackets.

The IEEE citation style has 3 primary features-

  • The name of the author is first name (or initial) and last.
  • The title of an article (or chapter, patent, conference paper, etc.) should always come in quotation marks.
  • The title of the book or journal should always come in italics.

These conventions enable the readers to distinguish between kinds of reference at a glance. The accurate placement of periods, commas, colons, date, and page numbers depends on the kind of reference cited.

How To Draft In-Text Citations In IEEE Citation Format?

You should follow certain remarkable guidelines to draft in-text citation correctly and impeccably in the IEEE reference style. Have a look-

  • It is not crucial to mention an author’s name, pages used, or publication date in the in-text citation. Instead, it is always wise to refer to the resource with a number in a square bracket. Like [2], that will correspond then to the full citation in your reference list. 


  • Put the bracketed citations within the line of the text before any punctuation. Place a space before the first bracket.
  • Try to number your resources as you cite them in your academic paper. Once you are done referring to a resource and given it a number, continue to use that number as you reference that source throughout the paper.
  • When you are citing multiple sources at once, the preferred method is to list each number separately in its own brackets using a comma or a dash between the numbers. Example- [1], [4],[8] or [1]-[8].

To gain a comprehensive understanding, have a look at the examples of the in-text citations given below-

“….. beginning of the line for my investigation [16]”

“Jameson [3] has argued that…”

“Countless recent researches [6], [8], [16], [20] have suggested that…”


How To Create A Reference List In IEEE Citation Format?

Your reference list should always appear at the end of the paper and offer the full citations for all the references you have used in the IEEE citation format. Make it a point to list all the references numerically in the order they have been cited within the paper. Incorporate the bracketed number at the beginning of each reference.

  • At the top of the page, title your list as the ‘References’ either centered or aligned left.
  • Ensure to create a hanging indent for each reference with the bracketed numbers flush with the left side of the page. The hanging indent should highlight the numerical sequence for your references.
  • List the name of the author as the first initial, followed by the last name. Like- Robert Al Jameson would be cited as J. Al Jameson (NOT as Al Jameson, Robert).
  • The title of the article should be put in quotation marks.
  • The title of the book or the journal should be listed in the italics.

How To Cite Different Kinds of References In The IEEE Citation Format?

Now that you are well-versed with how to create in-text citations and reference lists in the IEEE citation format, it’s time to develop a profound knowledge of how to cite different resources in the IEEE referencing style accurately.

Have a look at the table we have given below-









Book In Print


Author’s Initials. Author’s Surnames, Book title, edition (if not first). Place of publication: Publisher, Year


[2] I.A. Richardson and P.L Jameson. Digital Marketing, 4th ed. Harlow: Prentice Hall, 2012.


Book Chapters




Author’s Initials. Author’s surname. “Title of chapter in book” in Book Title, edition (if not first), Editor’s initials. Editor’s Surname, Ed. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year, Page Numbers.


[3] J.E. Li and A.K. Wang “Baking and Cooking of The Modern Erain  The Cooking Of The Modern Age, J. Jameson and M. Bing, Eds. Cambridge: Wodehouse,2019, pp. 187-240.



Electronic Book


Author’s Initials, Author’s Surname, “Title of chapter in book”, in Book title, edition (if not first), Editor’s initials. Editor’s Surname, Ed. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year, page  numbers.


[4] A. E. Wang, J. Yu, B. Min. (2010, Jan 21). Multimedia Patent Rights for Digital Rights Management [Online]. Available:





Journal Article


Author’s initials. Author’s Surname, “Title of article”, Title of Journal abbreviated in articles, vol. number, issue number, page numbers, Abbreviated Month Year.


[5] G. Yan, A. Gu, E. Wang, B. Min, A. Y. Yu, M.X. Peng, et al., “Study of the mechanism of radio diagnosis in the treatment of a patient” Radio diagnosis and Laser Technology, vol. 56, pp. 403- 408, Jan 2018.



E-Journal Article




Author’s Initials. Author’s Surname. (Year, Month). “Title of article.” Journal title [type of medium]. Volume number. Issue number, page numbers if given. Available: URL.



[6] K. Semilof. (1997, July). “Automation Driving Due To The Contributions of Artificial Intelligence” Artificial Intelligence[Online]. vol.19, issue 21. Available:



Conference Papers



Author’s Initials. Author’s Surname, “Title of paper”, in Name of Conference, Location, Year,



[7] K. Jameson, A. Horio, T. Richardson. “Intense vacuum-ultraviolet multiple-order harmonic pulse by a deep-ultraviolet” in Conf. Electro-Optics and Lasers, Tian Jose, BA 2010, pp. 2114-2125.





Author’s Initials. Author’s Surname, “Title of the report, Abbreviated Name of The Company., City of Company., State, Report number, year.


[8] A. Diament and W.K. Luptakin, “Chemo diagnosis and laser treatment through radiation and scanning”, Dept. Cancer and Medicine., New York Univ., New York, Sci Rep. 45,1991.





Author’s Initials. Author’s Surname, “Title of the Patent”, Country where the patent is registered. Patent number, Abbrev of Month Day Year.


[9] A.K. Wilson, “Nonlinear resonant electrical devices”, UK Patent 3 754 124, Aug 18 1991.


Note- Make use of ‘issued  dates’ if multiple dates are given.


Thesis/ dissertations


Author’s Initials. Author’s Surname, “Title of the thesis”, Designation type, Abbrev. Dept., abbrev. Univ., City of Univ., State, Year.


[11] A.O. Williams, “Analyser of Electro-technology”, Master thesis, Dept. Elect. Eng., Oxford Univ., Penguin, MA, 1987.




First Name Initial (s) Last Name. “Page Title” Website Title. Web Address (retrieved Date accessed).


A.    Smith. “Trump Inaugurated As President”. (accessed Jan. 1, 2015)


Social Media


J.K. Author [@username], full tweet or “Title of post,” Title of the Website, abbrev. Month Day, Year. Available: URL (accessed: Abbrev. Month Day, Year)


J.H. L. Yang [@iamyang], Can anyone bake banana pudding in the microwave, Instagram, March 19, 2019. Available: 1578444170274896 (accessed: Jul 5, 2021)



Parting Words,

Undeniably, crafting academic papers in IEEE citation format is no walk in the park. However, it is significant to draft a stellar paper. To most students, it may seem too much of an uphill task. However, this task would cease to be a tough nut to crack as you imagine to be, if you are well acquainted with the guidelines of IEEE citation style. Give this blog a thorough read to comprehend the format and draw inspiration from the above mentioned examples to draft an exemplary academic paper of your own. Make the arduous task as easy as a cakewalk for you to sail through your citations like never before. Happy citing, mates!

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